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NATURAL LIGHTING : Importance in Residential Interior Designing

Lighting is an integral aspect of designing that acts as a catalyst in influencing the ambiance of any interior space, irrespective of its typology. However, depending upon the character of the room, the ratio of natural and artificial light might vary, in order to meet the requisites of the users involved. Owing to the need of vitality in any residential interior design, natural light has been used by architects in innovative ways, as it is quintessential to influencing the schematic design composition and human health. It aids to moderate the essence of intimacy as well as impart an omnipresent humane vibe, imperative in an abode.

Altering the spatial volume
Natural light is one of the greatest determining factors in the amplification of the enveloped space. It is an easy assist that may be utilized to enhance a diminished enclosed volume and highlight its magnanimity. Such a tactic was inculcated in the dining space of the Art Deco Residence designed by AUM Architects. The carpet area of this arena was minimal and hence, full height glazed shutters were provided on one end to create an illusion of enormity. Supplementary aid may be achieved in such a scenario, by providing reflective interfaces opposite to such openings, thus creating a stream of beaming daylight.

Instilling healthy living conditions
Low light-exposure is associated with diminished health and well-being, as it leads to an impression of anxiety and depression. Considering the tropical climatic condition that is persistent in major geographical sectors of India, excess infusion of day lighting causes a considerable increase in the indoor temperatures and thus, result in a non-livable atmosphere. The amount of natural lighting infused in a residence, is hence crucial to the well-being of the users and its inclusion has to be strategically amended. Fenestrations on the southern side of the layout enable cancelling the direct rays of the sun, yet permit a healthy inflow of natural light. The usage of high quality glazing also aids in reducing harmful radiation, while instilling the charm of streaking rays.

Psychological determinants
An abode should always be designed catering to the upliftment of living standards of the concerned users. Natural light provides an impetus to this concept by modifying a mundane environment, into a lively set-up for cognitive interaction. Its regulated levels, play an integral role in establishing the mental stature of an individual, depending on the variant spaces in a residence. In a bedroom, its infusion should promote a positive welcome to a day whereas for a reading arena, its prime concern should be concentric around provision of ambient lighting enabling study.

A sustainable design model
Being an effective measure in creating a sustainable interior design composition, natural light aids to reduce the over exploitation of non-renewable resources to a large extent.
Presence of requisite number of usable openings, amalgamate to allow additional entry of renewable day lighting, thus eliminating the need to switch to artificial lighting. Supplementary to this, influencing the daily errands of the patrons of the habitat also add to create a sustainable household model.

The effective value of daylight maybe easily varied with the proper implementation of the cardinal directions in an architectural layout. Owing to its plethoric importance, it should be predominantly utilized in every living space of a residential design.

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